04 June 2015, Rusumo, Tanzania - A heard of ankole longhorn cows grazing on a unmanaged parcel of land in the catchment of Rusumo. Unmanaged parcels are used to demonstrate to local farmers and herders the utility of the implementation of modern farming techniques, which often involve land management options to prevent the depletion of the pastures and the invasive presence of the heads in easily accessible non-demarcated areas where crops could be damaged. Part of the Farmafield School, the land management project established new techniques to fight erosion and depletion of the land, resulting in streams of water flowing out of regenerated fields, where trees and ditches allow water to penetrate into the ground and flowing downhill into ponds used then to farm fishes. The projects implements several different techniques teaching the local farmers different land management options: mulching, boundaries and contours, fire lines and hay making contribute to the development of new instruments in farming resulting in an improvement to the livelihood of the communities.The natural resources of the Kagera river basin, which rises in Burundi and flows through Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania into Lake Victoria, are facing increasing pressures and degradation as a result of population pressures, the intensification of agricultural and livestock activities and unsustainable land use systems and management practices. The basin? land and freshwater resource base, its associated biodiversity and thereby human livelihoods and food security are threatened by declining productive capacity and resource value of the cropland, rangeland and forests and by wetland encroachment. The PDF-B grant aims to improve knowledge and strengthen capacities at local, technical and policy levels for the preparation of an integrated agro-ecosystems and biodiversity management framework - the Transboundary Agro-ecosystems Management Programme (TAMP).