10 May 2005, Wajir - A pastoralist transporting water back to the village by donkey. Nearly 90 percent of pastoralists' livestock has been lost in the ongoing drought in the Horn of Africa. During the past decade, the frequency of drought has increased steadily with shorter recovery periods, having an intense impact on pastoralists who are among the region's most vulnerable population. There are around 15 million people at risk in the Horn of Africa of which more than 8 million have been identified as being in need of urgent emergency assistance. Though the rains have come problems facing pastoralists still persist after 3 years of drought resulting in severe stress, food insecurity, livestock deaths and high rates of malnutrition.