11 May 2005, Arba Geramso - A woman grinding maize, given out by World Food Programme (WFP), into flour. Out of 100 cows their family owned, only 2 survived the drought. Most pastoralists lost nearly 90 percent of their animals in the ongoing drought and the animals that did survive are getting about half the normal market rate. During the past decade, the frequency of drought has increased steadily with shorter recovery periods, having an intense impact on pastoralists who are among the region's most vulnerable population. There are around 15 million people at risk in the Horn of Africa of which more than 8 million have been identified as being in need of urgent emergency assistance. Though the rains have come problems facing pastoralists still persist after 3 years of drought resulting in severe stress, food insecurity, livestock deaths and high rates of malnutrition.