A woman farmer in Pangasinan tries to sun-dry rice harvested during the wet season. Wet rice can quickly develop a dangerous mycoflora. The light-colour rice at the top is safe to eat, the medium-dark rice at the centre is borderline safe, but the dark rice in the foreground is seriously contaminated by poisonous mycoflora by-products known as mycotoxins. Mycotoxin contamination is one of the problems that FAO's IPM training course for farmers seeks to overcome. - - Rice Pest Control. In Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand, 36 million tonnes of rice are lost annually through pests and competition from weeds. By 1987, the Intercountry Programme for the Development and Application of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), had trained over 25 000 rice farmers from these countries to distinguish harmful insects; select resistant cultivars of crops; determine pest densities causing economic losses; identify beneficial animals and to apply pesticides safely and only when needed. Funding the project are Australia, the Netherlands and the Arab Gulf Programme for the UN Development Organization (AGFUND).