COMMUNITY FORESTRYAND AFFORESTATION: Peru?, August 1985 The Andean region consumes 3 million tonnes of wood per year, most of it indiscriminately cut by 5 miilion rural poor who need fuelwood and housing materials. This results in scarcity of wood, erosion and reduction of livestock and employment opportunities. The U.N. Food and Agriculture organization (FAO) has initiated a pioneer reforestation programme to support National Forestry and Animal Life Institute (INFOR) efforts to motivate, capacitate and assist Andean communities in implementing forestry activities to promote their self-development. Project objectives are to: satisfy domestic fuelwood demands, improve agriculture production, and augment rural forest industries. FAO activities include an improved woodstove programme, school forestry education programmes, community nurseries, charcoal and furniture-making industries,??xtension training and radio programmes. ?? young Cuzco girl prepares soil bags for planting tree seedlings at a nearby pilot FAO community nursery.