High qua1ity sheep on a large government breeding and research station near Ba1carce. They are receiving an injection which wi1l protect them against stomach parasites. - - Intensification of Animal Production. It has been estimated that Argentina, per capita, has the largest number of livestock of any country in the world. Against a population of 23 million, the approximate livestock estimates are 52 million head of cattle, 40 million head of sheep and 5 million horses. Many ranch owners, however, still employ traditiona1 old-fashioned methods of breeding, rearing and feeding. In order to ensure the quality of future production, modern methods including the introduction of new strains for cross-breeding, improved rearing and feeding are being demonstrated in a Government project assisted by the UN Development Programme with FAO as executing agency. Part of this project includes the establishment of an experimental research station near Balcarce in Buenos Aires Province. UNDP/FAO assistance to the project began in 1969 for a period of six years.