Log store near forest training camp. - - Establishment of a Permanent Labour force for Forestry. Although one quarter of Turkey's rural population lives in or near the forests, few have been permanently employed in forestry work. The majority have, until now, lived by subsistence farming depending more and more on free ranging goat herds which have encroached on watersheds and threatened to destroy valuable forest land. A Government project in the Antalya and Bolu provinces is aimed at the transfer or slaughter of some 100,000 goats which are damaging about 100,000 hectares of land; the training of some 500 workers to become forestry instructors and approximately 5,000 workers to become forestry foremen. The UN/FAO World Food Programme is providing food as an incentive and to ensure a basic diet, in addition to providing daily wages. The food is also of psychological value during the change-over period when farmers are reluctant to give up their traditional forms of livelihood. The Swedish Government has assisted the project through its International Development Agency (SIDA) by providing a Swedish forestry expert and a supply of 4,850 modern hand tools and maintenance equipment. The WFP project which began in 1966, has been expanded and extended for four years to 1974 at a total cost of over $16 million.