Workers engaged in the production of coffee in the Wollamo sub-province. - - Wollamo Agricultural Development Project. The economy of Ethiopia is primarily agricultural and pastoral, with most of the population (1967 estimate: 23,000,000.) engaged in subsistence farming. Exports are almost entirely agricultural products and derivatives; but despite good productivity in the highland regions, where most of the people live, agricultural output has barely kept pace with population growth and the country is now obliged to import wheat. Cotton production is also below the requirements of local industry. FAO, through the International Bank for Rural Development, is assisting the government in a resettlement and agricultural development scheme in the lowlands sub-province of Wollamo, with a view to increasing the production of maize, wheat and livestock and to bring about improvements in the quality of coffee for export. The UN/FAO World Food Programme is assisting with the resettlement of over 1,000 families. Food aid will encourage highland farmers to move to the lowlands where regular rations of wheat, dried skim milk, canned meat, vegetable oil and dried fruit will be distributed to settlers as an incentive to self-help while they are engaged in preparing the land and bringing it into production. The total cost of the project to WFP is $567,000.