02 June, 2015, Gakindo, Rwanda - Straws are carried on a motorcycle for farming and animal use. Farmafield school programs are run in the farming region of Bugesera in south Rwanda: the flood prone soil is treated with a technical called "mulching" which consists in covering with dry leaves the cultivated soil to allow water retention and to prevent dispersion and erosion. Ditches are also dug for the same purposes. Farmafield school teach local farmers how to diversify their farming techniques in order to allow different crops to grow in alternated and spaced out cultivation in order to maximise the production. The natural resources of the Kagera river basin, which rises in Burundi and flows through Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania into Lake Victoria, are facing increasing pressures and degradation as a result of population pressures, the intensification of agricultural and livestock activities and unsustainable land use systems and management practices. The basin? land and freshwater resource base, its associated biodiversity and thereby human livelihoods and food security are threatened by declining productive capacity and resource value of the cropland, rangeland and forests and by wetland encroachment. The PDF-B grant aims to improve knowledge and strengthen capacities at local, technical and policy levels for the preparation of an integrated agro-ecosystems and biodiversity management framework - the Transboundary Agro-ecosystems Management Programme (TAMP).