10 March 2020, Mucheni, Zimbabwe - Cattle belonging to Nampande village in Ward 5, graze on the plain before being herded back into secure kraals close to the village. These kraals are meant to protect them from lion and hyena attacks. Huts on stilts are used to secure grain from animals and occasionally to protect humans from lions who sometime come through the village. There are plans connected to FAO and SWM that would like to see community conservancy come into being once there are more animals in place. The Kavango Zambezi (KAZA) Transfrontier Conservation area is home to a great diversity of ecosystems and landscapes. Each year, the area experiences large-scale migrations of megafauna. Whilst rural communities in the Mucheni (Zimbabwe) and Simalaha/ Inyasemu (Zambia) Community Conservancies have distinct cultures and local governments, they depend on hunting and fishing for both food and income. However, livelihoods are threatened by erratic rainfall, poor soils, and human wildlife conflicts. The SWM Project in KaZa is promoting a sustainable use of natural resources, including wildlife and fisheries, by the Community Conservancies. It is also developing alternative sources of proteins, such as livestock husbandry and aquaculture. The project is being implemented by CIRAD in coordination with the governments of both Zambia and Zimbabwe. Recent activities include: community Land Use Planning; Human Wildlife Conflict strategies; baseline studies (hydrology, ornithology, non-timber forest products, livestock development); data collection (food and wild meat consumption); water resource development (bore holes for people and wildlife); partnerships with local communities; and collaboration with Panthera and the Peace Parks Foundation.