10 May 2005, Makoror - Children attending a lesson in the shade of an acacia tree at a school for pastoralist communities. Enrollment has jumped by more than 50 percent in the past year as the drought has worsened and the free lunch has become for some, the only source of nutrition. During the past decade, the frequency of drought has increased steadily with shorter recovery periods, having an intense impact on pastoralists who are among the region's most vulnerable population. There are around 15 million people at risk in the Horn of Africa of which more than 8 million have been identified as being in need of urgent emergency assistance. Though the rains have come problems facing pastoralists still persist after 3 years of drought resulting in severe stress, food insecurity, livestock deaths and high rates of malnutrition.