1963 - The United Nations and four of its agencies have now reached the 10th year of the programme to help the 7 -million Indians who live in the high plateaux of the Andean mountains. Under the management of the International Labour Office (ILO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), UNESCO and the World Health Organization (WHO) have advised on agricultural production, animal husbandry and breeding, sanitation, literacy and community development. The Indians of the Andes had been left aside by history. After the Spanish conquest, they went into a rapid decline and their production methods and standards of living are now promitive. But, it is hoped, modern knowledge and technological skill can help them improve their lot. They are taking their first steps now. The Andes farmers still use wooden ploughs. Sometimes they work on 60??opes,, with one bullock standing higher than the other. The soils are never deeply turned or fertilized. Conservation techniques are unknown and the top soil is liable to be carried away by winds and rains. The crop yields are amongst the poorest in the world.