27 July 2017, Nepal- Village of Narapani. Goma Panthi Khatri working in the fields with her husband.
41-year-old Goma Panthi Khatri is the Chaiperson of the Narapani Bhuwandanda Climate Change Adaptation Farmers Group. She is a smallholder farmer. ?AO has brought climate change adaptation program in our village. We are being taught to solve problem created by the climate change. I am teaching to my husband what I have learnt in the Farmer Field School."
She explains that before they used to spread the seeds randomly. Now they have learnt the benefits of planting the seeds in a straight line maintaining a prescribed space. This also requires less seeds than before.
?limate change has been a big challenge for us. Yields have dropped. Previously we used to harvest 7 quintals of grains. Now the yield has dropped down to 2 quintals. Most of the men in our village have gone abroad because of poverty. We need to reschedule our tradition calendar of farming in order to suit the changed context. Somehow we need to increase the yield so that we can bring back those who had gone abroad and retain them who are planning to migrate. We have watching that women have also started migrating. This is big problem."
Nepal is one of the countries hardest hit by the impacts of climate change. Farmers are the worst affected. Poverty and impacts of climate change are pushing people to migrate. As part of the FAO-supported project - Reducing vulnerability and increasing adaptive capacity to respond to impacts of climate change and variability for sustainable livelihoods in agriculture sector (2015-2019) - some 3,000 farmers learn to grow crops that are better adapted to the impacts of climate change, and practice climate-smart and sustainable agriculture. Farmers test different varieties of crops and use different techniques to determine the best crops to grow for their land. They learn by doing. They also get support to raise animals by learning what and when to feed their animals. The project is made possible thanks to the support of the Global Environment Facility.