A closeup of cashew nuts growing on a tree. - - People's Participation Programme. Since 1982, several countries in Africa have been investigating, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), an approach which directly involves the poor as planners and decision makers in their own development. Through the FAO People's Participation Programme (PPP), some 7 500 men and women in 8 countries have organized themselves into village-based, self-reliant groups. results now emerging show that these groups, given access to credit and improved extension services, but largely through their own initiatives, are breaking the vicious cycle of poverty. Zambia's PPP project area is the largest in Africa. It covers three or four districts in western province, a 125 000 sq km subsistence farming area stretching along the Zambezi River. In just five years, 600 farmers have built up a network of 70 groups and a solid determination to improve their lives.