COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN ARICA, Chile, May 1971.
The middle length of Chile's ribbonlike land is climatically agreeable and is the centre of the country's agriculture, livestock ranching and industry. By contrast, the area to the north (apart from the Andes chain) is mostly desert. This, however, has proved to be a most valuable national asset through its copper and nitrate mines. The Department of Arica - Arica is the northern frontier town with Peru - has a population of some 70,000, 65% of whom live in urban communities. The Government has established an Arica Development Board which aims at encouraging the local residents to improve their housing and community facilities and, in certain areas, to work on agricultural, livestock and forestry improvement.
The work is carried out by the people themselves on a voluntary basis, and workers are given an additional incentive in the form of regular distributions of free foodstuffs supplied through the UN/FAO World Food Programme (WFP). The project also includes an intensive training programme for farmers and leaders of youth and women's groups. WFP supplies include wheat flour, maize meal, dried skim milk, cheese, canned meat, dried fish, vegetable oil and coffee. The total cost of the project to WFP over a period of 4 years and 8 months was $581,000.
A young Andean shepherdess. She lives with her family in the small town of Putre which has been improved by the community development project which, in turn, is assisted by the WFP.