Farmers rake the bed of a paddy field at Angar near Manila in preparation for p1anting. This is part of a 40,000 ha. area being brought under irrigation by a Government scheme. - - Agricultural Production. The fertile soil and tropical climate of the Philippines are well adapted to the raising of agricultura1 products, and farming engages about two-thirds of the employed population. Coconut and its by-products are among the chief export crops. Sugar cane has been revived to exceed its pre-war acreage and production. Banana crops also occupy a significant share of the cropland.